In April 2014, North Yakima Conservation District and several other partners celebrated the success of the ten-year Cowiche Creek Project located in the Yakima Basin. Using the Coordinated Resource Management (CRM) approach, project partners finalized an agreement that benefits both irrigators and federally listed steelhead.
When the Cowiche Creek Project began in 2004, irrigation withdrawal from Cowiche Creek was resulting in water levels far too low for steelhead that historically accessed the creek to spawn. Today — due to the coordination of several organizations and landowners — irrigators are withdrawing water from the Tieton River instead, allowing water levels in Cowiche Creek to rise. On April 10, 2014, project partners met at the Lust Brothers Ranch on Cowiche Creek to commemorate the completion of the project and witness the symbolic “turning on” of the first delivery of irrigation water for Cowiche Creek Water Users Association (CCWUA) irrigators through the Yakima Tieton Irrigation District’s (YTID) delivery system.
Project collaborators (from left to right): Mike Lust – local landowner; Tim McCoy – Bureau of Reclamation; Mike Tobin – North Yakima Conservation District; Rick Dieker – Yakima Tieton Irrigation District; Lisa Pelly – Trout Unlimited; and Jerry Jacoby – Natural Resources Conservation Service.
LAYING THE GROUNDWORK FOR SUCCESS
The Cowiche Creek Project brought together members of CCWUA, YTID irrigators, members of the North Yakima Conservation District, Washington State Department of Ecology personnel, state and federal fish biologists, and other stakeholders. Together, these partners worked to enhance fish passage and allow Cowiche Creek irrigators to receive water through the YTID system. Members of the Yakima Tributary Access and Habitat Program were instrumental in assembling these stakeholders and resource people to discuss a possible collaborative effort to resolve the situation.
Landowner Jim Lust opens the valve to turn water into his irrigation line providing water through the YTID’s improved system. From left to right: Mike Tobin – North Yakima Conservation District; Jim Lust – Cowiche Creek landowner; Gene Stevenson – Cowiche Creek landowner.
Patience, perseverance, partnerships, and planning were key to the success of the Cowiche Creek Project. As the project plan was being developed, stakeholders attended several meetings to explain and discuss the many facets of this complex proposal. Ray Ledgerwood and Doug Warnock of the Washington CRM Task Group facilitated the meetings, which set the stage for discussions that led to an agreement to proceed with the cooperative project plan. The plan called for construction of pipelines on farms along Cowiche Creek to provide ties into the YTID’s enclosed and pressurized delivery system prior to the start of the 2014 irrigation season.
Trout Unlimited, through the Washington Water Project, secured funding to help with the debt service on the original cost of pressurizing the YTID system, which had been done in 1986. This helped YTID meet the long-term financial obligation. The North Yakima Conservation District and the Bureau of Reclamation found grants to help with the planning, permitting, and construction phases of the project.
PUTTING THE PLAN INTO ACTION
Steelhead, Coho salmon, and resident trout will all benefit from the Cowiche Creek Project. An improved YTID system prevents fish entrainment (loss of fish during water diversions) and corrects fish passage issues on Cowiche Creek. CCWUA will no longer use the two large unscreened irrigation diversions on Cowiche Creek. This project also provides for in-stream flows to be held in trust, in a flow-limited system.
The Cowiche Creek Project succeeded because partners established an environment where all stakeholders could participate, express their concerns and ideas, and receive answers to questions. The Cowiche Creek irrigators would not have realized this success had the YTID Board of Directors not voted to allow use of their delivery system to landowners along Cowiche Creek. The collaboration of groups and individuals to achieve an overall goal—while helping fellow producers—illustrates the strength of the CRM approach in helping people address mutual natural resource issues.
Learn more about the CRM program and approach here; or, to learn more about projects involving private landowners, read Conservation in Washington: Powered by People – a collection of conservation district stories about successful natural resource projects on private lands across the state.
Lust Brothers wheel line irrigating the hay field just after the main valve was opened.